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Base de connaissances CSRD

Aperçu CSRD et ESRS 

ESRS Master 

Fichier Excel contenant les analyses et les outils ESRS suivant, notamment: 
 

Statistiques clés

Liste complète des exigences de divulgation et de leurs attributs (par example, introductions progressives)

Liste complètes des points de données et de leurs attributs (par example, paragraphe sur les exigences de divulgation associé)

Liens entre les exigences de divulgation de l'ESRS 2 et de l' ESRS thématique

Liste complète des questions de durabilité

Mapping entre les thématiques ESRS et SASB "catégories de problèmes de durabilité"

Mapping entre les secteurs ESRS et les industries SASB

Pour télécharger cliquer ici

Conseils de mise en oeuvre EFRAG et autres publications 

Textes Officiels

Publié le 21Juillet 2023

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Directive CSRD

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Traductions dans 23 autres langues

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Annex I (ESRS)

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Annex II (Glossaire des termes)

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Traductions dans 23 autres langues

  • What is the CSRD
    The Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive (CSRD) is a regulation from the European Union that requires companies to report on the impact of corporate activities on the environment and society, and requires the audit (assurance) of reported information.
  • What is the aim of the CSRD?
    The main goal of the CSRD is to increase the economic flow towards more sustainable business models throughout the European Union. To achieve that feat, it aims at placing the ESG reporting on an equal footing with financial reporting.
  • What should be reported under the CSRD?
    The reporting obligations are defined in the CSRD Annex I, which contains the following 12 volumes of European Sustainability reporting Standards (ESRS): 1 - General requirements 2 - General disclosures E1 - Climate change E2 - Pollution E3 - Water and marine resources E4 - Biodiversity and ecosystems E5 - Resource use and circular economy S1 - Own workforce S2 - Workers in the value chain S3 - Affected communities S4 - Consumers and end users G1 - Business conduct For further details go here.
  • Does CSRD require to report scope 3?
    Yes, see details here, Disclosure Requirement E1-6
  • Is the CSRD sector-specific?
    Not yet, as the current reporting requirements are sector-agnostic. The aim is to develop sector-specific reporting standards within the next two years.
  • Who developed the CSRD reporting standards?
    The ESRS were developed by the EFRAG, previously known as the European Financial Reporting Advisory Group, an independent body bringing together various different stakeholders.
  • What is the relationship between the CSRD and the ESRS?
    The Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive (CSRD) is the overall EU regulation. The European Sustainability Reporting Standards (ESRS) correspond to the Annex I of this regulation, which specifies the new reporting obligations of companies subject to the CSRD. For further information, see here.
  • How many ESRS are there?
    12. For further details see here.
  • What is the relationship between the ESRS and the Disclosure Requirements?
    Disclosure Requirements are components of the ESRS, which specify what companies must specifically report. For further details see here.
  • How many Disclosure Requirements are there?
    100, including 82 “core” and 18 “related to”. For further details download the “ESRS Master” file from this page.
  • Which Disclosure Requirements are mandatory?
    The 12 Disclosure Requirements of ESRS 2, the “related to IRO” Disclosure Requirements from ESRS E1 to E5 and G1, and the “related to SBM2” Disclosure Requirements from ESRS S1 to S4 are mandatory for all companies subject to the CSRD. All other Disclosure Requirements are mandatory if deemed material.
  • What is the relationship between Disclosure Requirements and Data Points?
    Each Disclosure Requirement contains several Data Points. For further details see here.
  • How many Data Points are there?
    1541 (as of December 22 2023). For further details download the “ESRS Master” file available from this page.
  • What is the XBRL Digital taxonomy?
    The XBRL taxonomy has more than 1000 data points with a wide range of types, e.g. GHG emissions, water & energy consumptions, headcount, pollution, etc. having unique defintions for every data point.As of December 22nd, 2023, it is still in preparation.
  • What is the relationship between the Data Points and the XBRL taxonomy?
    Once approved, the XBRL taxonomy will supersede the datapoints.
  • Who does the CSRD apply to?
    The CSRD applies to all European companies exceeds at least two of the following three thresholds: 250 employees, Annual sales of 50M€, Balance sheet of 40M€. No-EU companies are also subject to the CSRD if their annual sales exceed 150M€ in the EU. There are other rules and exceptions, so it is advised to consult your legal counsel to guarantee a proper interpretation.
  • How many companies will have to comply with the CSRD?
    46,000
  • Does the CSRD apply to non-EU companies?
    Yes, if they meet certain criteria. See previous questions for details.
  • Does CSRD apply to private companies?
    Yes, if they meet the abovementioned criteria.
  • Is the CSRD replacing the NFRD?
    Yes, the CSRD is replacing the NFRD (Non-Financial Reporting Directive).
  • Is the CSRD part of the EU taxonomy?
    The EU Taxonomy is a classification system for sustainable economic activities that is applied within the CSRD and SFDR.
  • What is the difference between CSRD and SFDR?
    While CSRD requires large corporates to compare their sustainability performance with the EU Taxonomy, SFDR mandates financial market entities to disclose how their product line aligns with the same taxonomy.
  • Is CSRD based on TCFD?
    While the CSRD requirement broadly aligns with the TCFD's recommendations, it goes further in scope and requires organizations to report additional information.
  • Is CSRD replacing GRI?
    No, but it is expected that most companies will move away from GRI, as this will be redundant with their reporting under the CSRD. GRI is mostly going to be a source of guidance, especially for sector-specific impact materiality.
  • Is CSRD competing with ISSB?
    No, however, companies operating under multiple jurisdictions will have to report under both standards. For this reason, EFRAG (who authored the ESRS) and ISSB (who authored the IFRS S1 and S2 standards) have been working closely together to ensure maximum interoperability between both standards.
  • Is CSRD compatible with SASB standards?
    There is no direct relationship between the CSRD and the SASB standards, as the former is sector-agnostic while the latter is exclusively sector-specific. For further details on the SASB standards, see The SASB Standards: Powerful tools for companies and investors to optimize sustainability performance.
  • Are the ISSB and CSRD reporting scopes similar?
    For now, ISSB only covers General Requirements (IFRS S1, scope similar to ESRS 1 and 2) and Climate Change (IFRS S2, scope similar to ESRS E1). ISSB is expected to publish other standards in the upcoming years that will eventually cover all ESRS topics.
  • Is the CSRD mandatory?
    Yes for all European companies meeting the criteria described in the “Companies subject to the CSRD” section.
  • Does CSRD require a double materiality assessment?
    Undertaking a 'double materiality' assessment is mandatory under the CSRD.
  • What is double materiality?
    Under the CSRD, Double Materiality means looking at the materiality (in other words significance) of sustainability matters from two different perspective: • The potential effect of changes in the ESG landscape on the company’s financial performance (financial materiality, “outside in”) • The impact that a company’s activities have on Sustainability matters (impact materiality, ‘inside out)
  • What are sustainability matters?
    In ESRS 1 paragraph AR16, the CSRD defines a list of 92 sustainability-related topics (referred to as “sustainability matters”), which a recommended as the starting point to conduct a double materiality assessment. To access the list of sustainability matters click here.
  • What are entity-specific Disclosures?
    Entity-specific disclosures correspond reporting elements that the company decides to add to the CSRD reporting scope because they were deemed material through the double materiality assessment and are not covered by the ESRS.
  • Does CSRD require assurance?
    Yes. Limited assurance during the first two years, turning subsequently into reasonable assurance.
  • What happens if you don’t comply with CSRD?
    If a business is guilty of non-compliance with the CSRD, it can expect administrative sanctions and three possible penalties: a public denunciation; an order to change conduct; and financial punishment.
  • What is the penalty for CSRD?
    This will vary by country. It is expected that typically companies that fail to report and comply with the CSRD face fines of up to 10 million Euros or 5% of their annual revenue.
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